Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Yellow Fever Overview

What is yellow fever?
A person with yellow fever has a life-threatening viral infection, transmitted through the bite of a mosquito. Yellow fever is most common in the tropics. The infection can cause encephalitis or meningitis. Yellow fever can also cause inflammation of small blood vessels, which can result in serious bleeding.

What are the symptoms of yellow fever?
The initial symptoms of yellow fever include body aches, joint pains, headache and fever. Symptoms of worsening yellow fever include blood in the urine, rectal bleeding, bruising and a rash.

How does the doctor treat yellow fever?
Treatment for yellow fever includes rest, plenty of fluids, and acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain and fever. Severe yellow fever may require intravenous fluids and blood transfusions.

Continue to Yellow Fever Incidence

Last Updated: Sep 13, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Yellow Fever References
  1. Bryan CS, Moss SW, Kahn RJ. Yellow fever in the Americas. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2004 Jun;18(2):275-92, table of contents. [15145381]
  2. Massad E, Coutinho FA, Burattini MN, Lopez LF, Struchiner CJ. Yellow fever vaccination: how much is enough? Vaccine. 2005 Jun 10;23(30):3908-14. [15917112]
  3. Monath TP, Barrett AD. Pathogenesis and pathophysiology of yellow fever.Adv Virus Res. 2003;60:343-95. [14689698]
  4. Onyango CO, Grobbelaar AA, Gibson GV, Sang RC, Sow A, Swaneopel R, Burt FJ. Yellow fever outbreak, southern Sudan, 2003. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004 Sep;10(9):1668-70. [15498174]
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