Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Xenophobia Types

Types of phobias include:

A person with agoraphobia has severe anxiety about being in situations from which escape might be difficult. They tend to avoid situations such as being alone outside of the home, traveling in a car, bus, or airplane, or being in a crowded area.

Social Phobia
Social phobia, also known as social anxiety disorder, describes people with anxiety in social situations, including performances and public speaking. The critical element of the fearfulness is the possibility of embarrassment or ridicule. Like specific phobias, the patient recognizes the fear as excessive or unreasonable, but the dreaded social situation is avoided or is tolerated with great discomfort.

Examples of Specific Phobias
  • Claustrophobia:
    • Fear of crowded or closed in places
  • Xenophobia:
    • Fear of foreigners
  • Acrophobia:
  • Zoophobia:
    • Fear of animals
  • Belonephobia:
    • Fear of needles
  • Aviophobia:
    • Fear of flying

Last Updated: Dec 22, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Xenophobia References
  1. Kendler KS, Myers J, Prescott CA. The etiology of phobias: an evaluation of the stress-diathesis model. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2002 Mar;59(3):242-8. [11879162]
  2. Mineka S, Ohman A. Phobias and preparedness: the selective, automatic, and encapsulated nature of fear. Biol Psychiatry. 2002 Nov 15;52(10):927-37. [12437934]
  3. Muris P, Merckelbach H, de Jong P, Ollendick TH. The etiology of specific fears and phobias in children: a critique of the non-associative account. Behav Res Ther. 2002 Feb;40(2):185-95. [11814182]
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