Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Withdrawal Narcotic Incidence

Facts about narcotic withdrawal:

  • The incidence of narcotic abuse is unknown.
  • Everyone who abuses narcotics experiences episodes of withdrawal.

Continue to Withdrawal Narcotic Symptoms

Last Updated: Jun 4, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Withdrawal Narcotic References
  1. Scott CS, Decker JL, Edwards ML, Freid EB. Withdrawal after narcotic therapy: a survey of neonatal and pediatric clinicians. Pharmacotherapy. 1998 Nov-Dec;18(6):1308-12. [9855332]
  2. Upthegrove RA, Naik PC. Pharmacological management of opiate withdrawal. Hosp Med. 2001 May;62(5):277, 280-1. [11385887]
  3. Wesson DR, Ling W. The Clinical Opiate Withdrawal Scale (COWS). J Psychoactive Drugs. 2003 Apr-Jun;35(2):253-9. [12924748]
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