Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Symptoms Evaluation Treatment nicotine substitutes specialist Home Care diet warning signs Prevention Outlook Underlying Cause

Withdrawal from Nicotine Overview

Another name for Withdrawal from Nicotine is Nicotine Withdrawal.

What is nicotine withdrawal?
Smokers suffer symptoms of nicotine withdrawal after they suddenly stop smoking. Nicotine withdrawal occurs because the body is physically dependent on the effects of nicotine. When nicotine is stopped, the body must adjust to the absence of the nicotine. Nerves throughout the body become excessively stimulated without the drug, which results in the symptoms of withdrawal. Nicotine withdrawal symptoms usually peak in 2 days and resolve over one month.

What are the symptoms of nicotine withdrawal?
Symptoms of nicotine withdrawal include anxiety, restlessness, irritability, insomnia, depression, headaches, palpitations, increased appetite, nausea, sore throat, cough, excessive sweating, and weight gain.

How does the doctor treat nicotine withdrawal?
Treatment of nicotine withdrawal includes support groups and nicotine substitutes, such as patches and gum.

Continue to Withdrawal from Nicotine Incidence

Last Updated: Aug 20, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
Copyright DSHI Systems, Inc. Powered by: FreeMD - Your Virtual Doctor

PubMed Withdrawal from Nicotine References
  1. Berrettini WH, Lerman CE. Pharmacotherapy and pharmacogenetics of nicotine dependence. Am J Psychiatry. 2005 Aug;162(8):1441-51. [16055765]
  2. Gonzales D, Rennard SI, Nides M, Oncken C, Azoulay S, Billing CB, Watsky EJ, Gong J, Williams KE, Reeves KR; Varenicline Phase 3 Study Group. Varenicline, an alpha4beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor partial agonist, vs sustained-release bupropion and placebo for smoking cessation: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2006 Jul 5;296(1):47-55. [16820546]
  3. Mooney ME, Sofuoglu M. Bupropion for the treatment of nicotine withdrawal and craving. Expert Rev Neurother. 2006 Jul;6(7):965-81. [16831112]
  4. Shiffman S, Fant RV, Buchhalter AR, Gitchell JG, Henningfield JE. Nicotine delivery systems. Expert Opin Drug Deliv. 2005 May;2(3):563-77. [16296775]
FreeMD is provided for information purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for evaluation and treatment by a physician. Please review our terms of use.