Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment questions for doctor specialist Home Care taking control warning signs Prevention Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Types Anatomy

Wet Macular Degeneration Treatment

Treatment for macular degeneration depends on the underlying type of macular degeneration. Treatment for dry macular degeneration includes antioxidants, special diet, and vitamin supplements. Treatment for wet macular degeneration includes a variety of medications, laser photocoagulation, photodynamic therapy, and retinal surgery.

Treatment options for dry macular degeneration or age-related macular degeneration include:

  • Multivitamin supplement with:
  • No smoking and avoid exposure to secondary smoke
  • Protect eyes from direct sunlight using either dark glasses or hat
  • Diet:
    • Rich in natural antioxidants
    • Fresh baked fish daily
    • Eat leafy green vegetables (spinach, kale) daily
    • B-complex vitamin supplement

Treatment options for wet macular degeneration include:
  • Medications for exudative or wet macular degeneration:
  • Laser photocoagulation for macular degeneration:
    • Focused beam of light energy seals leaking blood vessels in the retina
  • Photodynamic therapy for macular degeneration:
    • Medication in the bloodstream is activated by special light on the retina. When activated, the medication destroys abnormal blood vessels in the retina.
  • Other surgery for macular degeneration:
    • Submacular surgery
    • Retinal translocation

Wet Macular Degeneration Questions For Doctor

The following are some important questions to ask before and after treatment for macular degeneration.

Questions to ask before treatment:

  • What are my treatment options?
    • Is surgery an option for me?
  • What are the risks associated with treatment?
  • What are the complications I should watch for?
  • How long will I be on medication?
  • What are the potential side effects of my medication?
  • Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
  • Should I take my medication with food?

Questions to ask after treatment:
  • Do I need to change my diet?
  • Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
  • When can I resume my normal activities?
  • When can I return to work?
  • What else can I do to reduce my risk for complications?
  • Are my children at risk for this condition?
  • How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
  • What local support and other resources are available?

Wet Macular Degeneration Specialist

Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat macular degeneration:

Continue to Wet Macular Degeneration Home Care

Last Updated: Oct 13, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Wet Macular Degeneration References
  1. Chakravarthy U, Stevenson M. Self-reported visual functioning and quality of life in age-related macular degeneration. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2005 Jun;16(3):179-83. [15870576]
  2. DeBlack SS. Cigarette smoking as a risk factor for cataract and age-related macular degeneration: a review of the literature. Optometry. 2003 Feb;74(2):99-110. [12585737]
  3. Liu M, Regillo CD. A review of treatments for macular degeneration: a synopsis of currently approved treatments and ongoing clinical trials. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2004 Jun;15(3):221-6. [15118509]
  4. Smith BT, Belani S, Ho AC. Light energy, cataract surgery, and progression of age-related macular degeneration. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2005 Jun;16(3):166-9. [15870573]
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