West Nile Virus Treatment
There is no specific antiviral medication for West Nile virus. General treatment for West Nile virus includes rest and fluids. A severe West Nile virus infection requires admission to the hospital for intravenous (IV) fluids, pain medication, and antiviral medications.
Treatment for West Nile virus may include:
- Plenty of liquids
- Acetaminophen for pain or fever
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain of fever:
- Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Nuprin, NeoProfen)
- Ketoprofen (Actron, Orudis, Oruvail)
- Naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, Aleve)
- Medications to control vomiting
Treatment for a severe West Nile virus infection may include:
West Nile Virus Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of West Nile virus.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- Am I contagious?
- For how long?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How do I avoid passing the infection to others?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for having West Nile virus again?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
West Nile Virus Specialist
Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat West Nile virus:
Continue to West Nile Virus Home Care
- Calisher CH. Medically important arboviruses of the United States and Canada. Clin Microbiol Rev. 1994 Jan;7(1):89-116. 
- Mackenzie JS, Gubler DJ, Petersen LR. Emerging flaviviruses: the spread and resurgence of Japanese encephalitis, West Nile and dengue viruses. Nat Med. 2004 Dec;10(12 Suppl):S98-109.