Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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West Nile Virus Treatment

There is no specific antiviral medication for West Nile virus. General treatment for West Nile virus includes rest and fluids. A severe West Nile virus infection requires admission to the hospital for intravenous (IV) fluids, pain medication, and antiviral medications.

Treatment for West Nile virus may include:

Treatment for a severe West Nile virus infection may include:

West Nile Virus Questions For Doctor

The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of West Nile virus.

Questions to ask before treatment:

  • What are my treatment options?
  • What are the risks associated with treatment?
  • Do I need to stay in the hospital?
    • How long will I be in the hospital?
  • Am I contagious?
    • For how long?
  • What are the complications I should watch for?
  • How do I avoid passing the infection to others?
  • How long will I be on medication?
  • What are the potential side effects of my medication?
  • Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
  • Should I take my medication with food?

Questions to ask after treatment:
  • Do I need to change my diet?
  • When can I resume my normal activities?
  • When can I return to work?
  • What else can I do to reduce my risk for having West Nile virus again?
  • How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
  • What local support and other resources are available?

West Nile Virus Specialist

Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat West Nile virus:

Continue to West Nile Virus Home Care

Last Updated: Jun 9, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed West Nile Virus References
  1. Calisher CH. Medically important arboviruses of the United States and Canada. Clin Microbiol Rev. 1994 Jan;7(1):89-116. [8118792]
  2. Mackenzie JS, Gubler DJ, Petersen LR. Emerging flaviviruses: the spread and resurgence of Japanese encephalitis, West Nile and dengue viruses. Nat Med. 2004 Dec;10(12 Suppl):S98-109. [15577938]
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