Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Anatomy

Weakness of the Face Anatomy

To better understand facial weakness, it helps to understand the anatomy of the face.

The bones of the face include:

  • Frontal bone:
    • Forehead
  • Mandible:
Lower jaw
  • Maxilla:
    • Inner cheek bones
  • Nasal bones
  • Zygoma:
    • Outer cheek bones

Anatomy of the face includes:
  • Bones of the face and skull
  • Muscles of the face
  • Arteries and nerves of the face
  • The orbit
  • The nasal bones
  • The jaw
  • Temporal artery and parotid gland
  • Salivary glands
  • Trigeminal nerve

Last Updated: Nov 3, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Weakness of the Face References
  1. Murakami S, Mizobuchi M, Nakashiro Y, et al: Bell palsy and herpes simplex virus: identification of viral DNA in endoneurial fluid and muscle. Ann Intern Med 1996 Jan 1; 124(1 Pt 1): 27-30. [7503474]
  2. Piercy J. Bell's palsy. BMJ. 2005 Jun 11;330(7504):1374. [15947400]
  3. Salinas R. Bell's palsy. Clin Evid. 2003 Dec;(10):1504-7. [15555157]
  4. Salinas RA, Alvarez G, Ferreira J. Corticosteroids for Bell's palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis). Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004 Oct 18;(4):CD001942. [15495021]
  5. Tiemstra JD, Khatkhate N. Bell's palsy: diagnosis and management. Am Fam Physician. 2007 Oct 1;76(7):997-1002. [17956069]
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