Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment calcium drugs bisphosphonates questions for doctor specialist Home Care diet taking control warning signs Prevention Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Anatomy

Weak Bones Treatment

Treatment for osteoporosis usually includes calcium supplements, hormone replacement therapy, and bisphosphonate medications. Additional treatment measures include avoiding smoking, regular exercise, and weight loss for those who are overweight.

Treatment options for osteoporosis include:

Weak Bones Calcium

Calcium lowers the risk of bone mineral loss and fracture.

Important information on calcium supplements:

Appropriate doses of calcium include:
  • Man and women between 25 to 50 years:
    • Require 1,000 to 1,500 mg of calcium each day.
  • Women on estrogen replacement therapy for menopause:
    • Require 1,000 to 1,500 mg of calcium each day.
  • Women older than 50:
    • Require 1,500 mg of calcium per day.
  • Eat a diet that is high in calcium:
    • Milk
    • Cheese
    • Yogurt
    • Salmon
    • Broccoli
    • Soybean

Calcium Containing Food Sources
FoodServing SizeCalcium Per Serving
Sardines in oil3 oz370 mg
Milk1 cup290-300 mg
Swiss cheese1 oz (slice)250-270 mg
Yogurt1 cup240-400 mg
Canned salmon3 oz170-210 mg
American cheese1 oz (slice165-200 mg
Broccoli1 cup160-180 mg
Soybean curd (tofu)4 oz145-155 mg
Turnip greens1/2 cup, cooked100-125 mg
Ice cream1/2 cup90-100 mg
Kale1/2 cup, cooked90-100 mg
Cottage cheese1/2 cup80-100 mg
Corn bread2.5 inch square80-90 mg
Parmesan cheese1 Tbsp70 mg
Egg1 medium55 mg
Powdered milk1 tsp50 mg

Weak Bones Drugs

Medications for osteoporosis include:

Weak Bones Bisphosphonates

Bisphosphonates decrease the breakdown of bone by cells known as osteoclasts.

Bisphosphonates used for the treatment of osteoporosis include:

Weak Bones Questions For Doctor

The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of osteoporosis.

Questions to ask before treatment:

  • What are my treatment options?
  • What are the risks associated with treatment?
  • What are the complications I should watch for?
  • How long will I be on medication?
  • What are the potential side effects of my medication?
  • Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
  • Should I take my medication with food?

Questions to ask after treatment:
  • Do I need to change my diet?
  • Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
  • When can I resume my normal activities?
  • When can I return to work?
  • Do I need a special exercise program?
  • Will I need physical therapy?
  • What else can I do to reduce my risk for fractures?
  • How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
  • What local support and other resources are available?

Weak Bones Specialist

Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat osteoporosis:

Continue to Weak Bones Home Care

Last Updated: Dec 22, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
Copyright DSHI Systems, Inc. Powered by: FreeMD - Your Virtual Doctor

PubMed Weak Bones References
  1. Elliot-Gibson V, Bogoch ER, Jamal SA, Beaton DE. Practice patterns in the diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis after a fragility fracture: a systematic review. Osteoporos Int. 2004 Oct;15(10):767-78. [15258724 ]
  2. Geusens PP. Review of guidelines for testing and treatment of osteoporosis. Curr Osteoporos Rep. 2003 Sep;1(2):59-65. [16036066]
  3. Lane NE, Kelman A. A review of anabolic therapies for osteoporosis. Arthritis Res Ther. 2003;5(5):214-22. [12932280]
  4. Lin JT, Lane JM. Osteoporosis: a review. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2004 Aug;(425):126-34. [15292797]
  5. Moyad MA. Osteoporosis: a rapid review of risk factors and screening methods. Urol Oncol. 2003 Sep-Oct;21(5):375-9. [14670548]
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