Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Volvulus Overview

What is a volvulus?
A person with a volvulus has a loop of intestine that has become twisted, which obstructs the passage of food and fluid through the intestine. A volvulus also causes the blood vessels that supply the intestine to become twisted. This cuts off the blood supply to the loop of intestine, which results in death of the intestinal tissue. The cause for volvulus is unknown. However, volvulus is more common in those whose intestine developed abnormally in the womb.

What are the symptoms of a volvulus?
Symptoms of a volvulus include severe abdominal pain, abdominal swelling, constipation, fever, and repeated vomiting.

How does the doctor treat a volvulus?
The treatment for a volvulus may include colonoscopy or surgery.

Continue to Volvulus Incidence

Last Updated: Jan 7, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Volvulus References
  1. Consorti ET, Liu TH. Diagnosis and treatment of caecal volvulus. Postgrad Med J. 2005 Dec;81(962):772-6. [16344301]
  2. Green P, Swischuk LE, Hernandez JA. Delayed presentation of malrotation and midgut volvulus: imaging findings. Emerg Radiol. 2007 Nov;14(6):379-82. Epub 2007 Aug 21. [17710454]
  3. Lal SK, Morgenstern R, Vinjirayer EP, Matin A. Sigmoid volvulus an update. Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am. 2006 Jan;16(1):175-87. [16546032]
  4. Takada K, Hamada Y, Sato M, Fujii Y, Teraguchi M, Kaneko K, Kamiyama Y. Cecal volvulus in children with mental disability. Pediatr Surg Int. 2007 Oct;23(10):1011-4. [17653554]
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