Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Viral Throat Infection Sore Throat in Adults

Home care for a sore throat in an adult with viral pharyngitis includes:

  • Avoid alcohol.
  • Avoid citrus juice.
  • Avoid hot and spicy foods.
  • Stop smoking
  • Avoid exposure to secondary smoke
  • Drink plenty of fluids.
  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Numb the throat pain with throat spray or lozenges.
  • Perform warm salt water gargles several times a day:
    • Mix 1/2 teaspoon (92.5 ml) salt per cup (240 cc) of water.
  • Place a vaporizer or nebulizer in the bedroom at night.
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain
  • Acetaminophen for pain

Continue to Viral Throat Infection Sore Throat in Children

Last Updated: Jan 7, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Viral Throat Infection References
  1. Cooper RJ, Hoffman JR, Bartlett JG, Besser RE, Gonzales R, Hickner JM, Sande MA; American Academy of Family Physicians; American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine; Centers for Disease Control. Principles of appropriate antibiotic use for acute pharyngitis in adults: background. Ann Intern Med. 2001 Mar 20;134(6):509-17. [11255530]
  2. Huovinen P. Causes, diagnosis and treatment of pharyngitis. Compr Ther. 1999 Jun-Jul;25(6-7):326-9. [10470516]
  3. Linder JA, Stafford RS. Antibiotic treatment of adults with sore throat by community primary care physicians: a national survey, 1989-1999. JAMA. 2001 Sep 12;286(10):1181-6. [11559262]
  4. Zwart S, Sachs AP, Ruijs GJ, Gubbels JW, Hoes AW, de Melker RA. Penicillin for acute sore throat: randomised double blind trial of seven days versus three days treatment or placebo in adults. BMJ. 2000 Jan 15;320(7228):150-4. [10634735]
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