Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Viral Hepatitis Transmission

Viral hepatitis can spread through:

  • Blood transfusions
  • Contaminated food or water
  • Needle sticks
  • Sharing needles
  • Vaginal intercourse
  • Anal intercourse

Continue to Viral Hepatitis Types

Last Updated: Aug 27, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Viral Hepatitis References
  1. Bianco E, De Masi S, Mele A, Jefferson T. Effectiveness of immune globulins in preventing infectious hepatitis and hepatitis A: a systematic review. Dig Liver Dis. 2004 Dec;36(12):834-42. [1564643]
  2. Ferenci P. Treatment of chronic viral hepatitis. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2004;18 Suppl:113-20. [15588803]
  3. Kanwal F, Gralnek IM, Martin P, Dulai GS, Farid M, Spiegel BM. Treatment alternatives for chronic hepatitis B virus infection: a cost-effectiveness analysis. Ann Intern Med. 2005 May 17;142(10):821-31. [1589753]
  4. Kim AI, Saab S. Treatment of hepatitis C. Am J Med. 2005 Aug;118(8):808-15. [16084169]
  5. Oncu S, Oncu S, Sakarya S. Hepatitis A and B seropositivity among medical students. Health Policy. 2005 Sep 28;74(1):39-45. [16098410]
  6. Wasley A, Samandari T, Bell BP. Incidence of hepatitis A in the United States in the era of vaccination. JAMA. 2005 Jul 13;294(2):194-201. [1601459]
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