Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Viral Hepatitis B Treatment

Treatment for active hepatitis B usually includes a liver disease diet, antiviral medications, and medications to control nausea and itching. Those with severe hepatitis B may be candidates for liver transplant.

Treatment for hepatitis B may include:

Viral Hepatitis B Diet

A person with hepatitis B may benefit from a liver disease diet.

Liver Disease Diet
A hepatitis B diet includes:

  • High carbohydrate intake:
    • Bread, pasta and grains
    • The increased carbohydrate helps in preserving the protein in the body and prevent muscle wasting.
  • Moderate to high fat intake.
    • The increased fat helps in preserving the protein in the body and prevent muscle wasting.
  • Restrict protein:
    • 1 gram of protein per kilogram (2 pounds) of body weight per day.
  • Restrict salt:
    • No more than 2 grams per day.
  • Take vitamin B supplements
  • Do not take vitamin A supplements

Viral Hepatitis B Questions For Doctor

The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of hepatitis B.

Questions to ask before treatment:

  • What are my treatment options?
    • Is surgery an option for me?
  • What are the risks associated with treatment?
  • Do I need to stay in the hospital?
    • How long will I be in the hospital?
  • Am I contagious?
    • For how long?
  • What are the complications I should watch for?
  • How long will I be on medication?
  • What are the potential side effects of my medication?
  • Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
  • Should I take my medication with food?

Questions to ask after treatment:
  • Do I need to change my diet?
  • Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
  • When can I resume my normal activities?
  • When can I return to work?
  • How do I avoid passing the infection to others?
  • What else can I do to reduce my risk for complications?
  • What else can I do to reduce my risk for liver disease?
  • How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
  • What local support and other resources are available?

Viral Hepatitis B Specialist

Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat hepatitis B:

Continue to Viral Hepatitis B Home Care

Last Updated: Dec 15, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Viral Hepatitis B References
  1. Murdoch DL, Goa K, Figgitt DP. Combined hepatitis A and B vaccines: a review of their immunogenicity and tolerability. Drugs. 2003;63(23):2625-49. [14636084]
  2. Oncu S, Oncu S, Sakarya S. Hepatitis A and B seropositivity among medical students. Health Policy. 2005 Sep 28;74(1):39-45. [16098410]
  3. Papatheodoridis GV, Hadziyannis SJ. Review article: current management of chronic hepatitis B. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2004 Jan 1;19(1):25-37. [14687164]
  4. Rich JD, Ching CG, Lally MA, Gaitanis MM, Schwartzapfel B, Charuvastra A, Beckwith CG, Flanigan TP. A review of the case for hepatitis B vaccination of high-risk adults. Am J Med. 2003 Mar;114(4):316-8. [12681460]
  5. Rischitelli G, Harris J, McCauley L, Gershon R, Guidotti T. The risk of acquiring hepatitis B or C among public safety workers: a systematic review. Am J Prev Med. 2001 May;20(4):299-306. [11331121]
  6. Robins GW, Scott LJ, Keating GM. Peginterferon-alpha-2a (40kD): a review of its use in the management of patients with chronic hepatitis B. Drugs. 2005;65(6):809-25. [15819595]
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