Ventricular Septal Defect Treatment
In infants, about 50% of small ventricular septal defects close without treatment, as the hole in the septum gradually closes over time. However, surgery may be required to close large ventricular septal defects.
Treatment for a ventricular septal defect may include:
- Surgery for ventricular septal defect:
- The opening in the ventricular septum is closed
Those who have had surgery for a ventricular septal defect may require antibiotics to prevent bacterial endocarditis before they undergo the following procedures:
- Dental procedures that may cause bleeding of the gums:
- Dental cleaning
- Dental extraction
- Root canal
- Oral surgery
- Respiratory procedures:
Antibiotics used to prevent bacterial endocarditis include:
Ventricular Septal Defect Drugs
Medications used to treat ventricular septal defect may include:
- Prophylactic antibiotics for ventricular septal defect:
- Treatment with antibiotics before dental procedures and surgery
- Necessary to prevent bacterial endocarditis
- Digoxin (Lanoxin)
- Reduce swelling
- ACE inhibitors:
- Reduce high blood pressure
- Angiotensin receptor blockers:
- Reduce high blood pressure
Ventricular Septal Defect Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of ventricular septal defect.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- Is surgery an option for me?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- Do I need to lose weight?
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- Do I need a special exercise program?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for heart failure or cardiac arrhythmias?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Ventricular Septal Defect Specialist
Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat a ventricular septal defect:
Continue to Ventricular Septal Defect Home Care
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- Demirag MK, Keceligil HT, Kolbakir F. Primary surgical repair of ventricular septal defect. Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann. 2003 Sep;11(3):213-6. 
- Lofland GK. Pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect, and multiple aorta pulmonary collateral arteries. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Pediatr Card Surg Annu. 2004;7:85-94. 
- Mukharji J, Sullivan L. Ventricular septal defect in the 9th decade. Mo Med. 2001 Sep;98(9):468-9.