Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Symptoms Evaluation Treatment drugs questions for doctor specialist Home Care taking control warning signs Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Anatomy

Ventricular Septal Defect Outlook

What to expect with a ventricular septal defect:

  • The outlook for a ventricular septal defect depends on the size of the defect:
    • Small ventricular septal defects do not cause symptoms.
    • Large ventricular septal defects can quickly lead to heart failure.
  • Large ventricular septal defects require immediate surgery.

Continue to Ventricular Septal Defect Complications

Last Updated: Jan 7, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
Copyright DSHI Systems, Inc. Powered by: FreeMD - Your Virtual Doctor

PubMed Ventricular Septal Defect References
  1. Arora R, Trehan V, Thakur AK, Mehta V, Sengupta PP, Nigam M. Transcatheter closure of congenital muscular ventricular septal defect. J Interv Cardiol. 2004 Apr;17(2):109-15. [15104774]
  2. Demirag MK, Keceligil HT, Kolbakir F. Primary surgical repair of ventricular septal defect. Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann. 2003 Sep;11(3):213-6. [14514550]
  3. Lofland GK. Pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect, and multiple aorta pulmonary collateral arteries. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Pediatr Card Surg Annu. 2004;7:85-94. [15283357]
  4. Mukharji J, Sullivan L. Ventricular septal defect in the 9th decade. Mo Med. 2001 Sep;98(9):468-9. [11573315]
FreeMD is provided for information purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for evaluation and treatment by a physician. Please review our terms of use.