Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Venomous Snakebite Coral Snakes

There are only 2 species of coral snakes in the United States. They are small snakes with distinct, bright red, yellow, and black rings.

Coral snakes may produce a very small bite, because they chew the victim instead of injecting venom with long fangs. Very small amounts of coral snake venom can cause severe symptoms. Coral snake venom is toxic to the nervous system, where it blocks impulses from the nerves to the muscles. Coral snakes are most prevalent in the Southeast, particularly in Florida.

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Last Updated: Jul 31, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Venomous Snakebite References
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  3. McKinney PE. Out-of-hospital and interhospital management of crotaline snakebite. Ann Emerg Med. 2001 Feb;37(2):168-74. [11174235]
  4. Morandi N, Williams J. Snakebite injuries: contributing factors and intentionality of exposure. Wilderness Environ Med. 1997 Aug;8(3):152-5. [11990155]
  5. Pantanowitz L, Guidozzi F. Management of snake and spider bite in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 1996 Oct;51(10):615-20. [8888039]
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