Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Vaginal Bleeding (uterus removed) Anatomy

To better understand vaginal bleeding after hysterectomy, it helps to understand the anatomy of the uterus, cervix, and Fallopian tubes.

Female Reproductive Anatomy
The uterus, or womb, is part of the female reproductive system. The cervix is the lowest part of the uterus. The ovaries, fallopian tubes and vagina are the other parts of the female reproductive system.

Anatomy examples:

  • The uterus, cervix, and vaginal canal
  • The bladder
  • The fallopian tubes:
    • These paired structures connect each ovary to the uterus
  • The ovaries:
    • One on each side of the uterus. A normal adult ovary is about the size of an unshelled almond
  • Female organs during a pelvic examination

Last Updated: Jul 15, 2009 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Vaginal Bleeding (uterus removed) References
  1. Epstein E, Valentin L. Managing women with post-menopausal bleeding. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2004 Feb;18(1):125-43. [15123062]
  2. Holub Z, Jabor A. Laparoscopic management of bleeding after laparoscopic or vaginal hysterectomy. JSLS. 2004 Jul-Sep;8(3):235-8. [15347110]
  3. Teichmann AT, Korber HJ, Schuster R, von Romatowski HJ. Embolization therapy in patients with severe arterial bleeding after hysterectomy. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 1989 Mar;28(3):289-93. [2564362]
  4. Wagman H. Post-menopausal bleeding. Baillieres Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 1988 Jun;2(2):355-62. [3073890]
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