Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Vaginal Bleeding due to Uterine Polyps Anatomy

To better understand endometrial polyps, it helps to understand the anatomy of the uterus.

The uterus, or womb, is part of the female reproductive system. The cervix is the lowest part of the uterus. The ovaries, fallopian tubes and vagina are the other parts of the female reproductive system.

The inner lining of the uterus is called the endometrium. This is where endometrial polyps can grow.

Anatomy examples:

  • The uterus, cervix, and vaginal canal
  • The bladder
  • The fallopian tubes:
    • These paired structures connect each ovary to the uterus
  • The ovaries:
    • One on each side of the uterus. A normal adult ovary is about the size of an unshelled almond
  • Female organs during a pelvic examination

Last Updated: Nov 3, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Vaginal Bleeding due to Uterine Polyps References
  1. Alcazar JL, Galan MJ, Minguez JA, Garcia-Manero M. Transvaginal color Doppler sonography versus sonohysterography in the diagnosis of endometrial polyps. J Ultrasound Med. 2004 Jun;23(6):743-8. [15244297]
  2. Goldstein SR, Monteagudo A, Popiolek D, Mayberry P, Timor-Tritsch I. Evaluation of endometrial polyps. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2002 Apr;186(4):669-74. [1196748]
  3. Shushan A, Revel A, Rojansky N. How often are endometrial polyps malignant? Gynecol Obstet Invest. 2004;58(4):212-5. [15316149]
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