Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Uterus Infection Anatomy

To better understand endometritis, it helps to understand the anatomy of the uterus.

The inner lining of the uterus is called the endometrium. Before ovulation, the endometrium grows and becomes thick. If fertilization does not occur than the endometrium is shed during a menstrual period. If an egg is fertilized, the endometrial tissue and blood vessels support the fertilized egg after it has implanted in the uterus.

Anatomy examples:

  • The uterus, cervix, and vaginal canal
  • The bladder
  • The fallopian tubes:
    • These paired structures connect each ovary to the uterus
  • The ovaries:
    • One on each side of the uterus. A normal adult ovary is about the size of an unshelled almond
  • Female organs during a pelvic examination

Last Updated: Nov 3, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Uterus Infection References
  1. French LM, Smaill FM. Antibiotic regimens for endometritis after delivery. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004 Oct 18;(4):CD001067. [15495005]
  2. Hopkins L, Smaill F. Antibiotic regimens for management of intraamniotic infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2002;(3):CD003254. [12137684]
  3. Lichtenberg ES, Henning C. Conservative management of clostridial endometritis. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Jul;191(1):266-70. [15295377]
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