Urinary Tract Infections in Children Treatment
Treatment for urinary tract infections in children includes encouraging fluids, pain medication, and antibiotics. Urinary tract infections that involve the kidneys (pyelonephritis) are usually treated in the hospital. Rarely, severe urinary tract infections may require surgery, in order to remove infected tissue.
Treatment for urinary tract infections in children may include:
- Oral rehydration therapy for older children and adults:
- Drink clear liquids only, such as water, sports drinks (best), fruit juice and dilute tea.
- Drink small quantities of fluids frequently, such as 2 tablespoons of fluid every 5 minutes.
- The absence of food allows the intestines to rest.
- May be able to advance to full liquid diet once symptoms improve
- Effective to treat mild to moderate dehydration
- Intravenous fluids:
- Phenazopyridine (Azo-Standard, Pyridium, Urodine):
- Relieves bladder pain
- May turn the urine orange
- Antibiotics for urinary tract infections in children:
- Sulfisoxazole (Gantrisin)
- Trimethoprim (Proloprim, Trimpex)
- Trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Cotrim, Septra)
- Ampicillin (Marcillin, Omnipen, Polycillin)
- Amoxicillin and clavulanate (Augmentin)
- Nitrofurantoin (Furadantin, Macrobid, Macrodantin)
- Gentamicin (Garamycin, Gentacidin)
- Ceftriaxone (Rocephin)
- Cefotaxime (Claforan)
- Cephalexin (Keflex, Biocef)
- Cefixime (Suprax)
- Cefpodoxime (Vantin)
- Surgery for urinary tract infection:
Urinary Tract Infections in Children Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of urinary tract infections in children.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- Am I contagious?
- For how long?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for having an urinary tract infection again?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Urinary Tract Infections in Children Specialist
Continue to Urinary Tract Infections in Children Home Care
- Hellerstein S. Antibiotic treatment for urinary tract infections in pediatric patients. Minerva Pediatr. 2003 Oct;55(5):395-406. 
- Ma JF, Shortliffe LM. Urinary tract infection in children: etiology and epidemiology. Urol Clin North Am. 2004 Aug;31(3):517-26, ix-x. 
- van der Voort J, Edwards A, Roberts R, Verrier Jones K. The struggle to diagnose UTI in children under two in primary care. Fam Pract. 1997 Feb;14(1):44-8.