Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Urinary Infection Evaluation

The evaluation of a urinary tract infection begins with a history and physical exam, including a pelvic exam for females.

Physical findings in someone with a urinary tract infection may include:

The diagnosis of a urinary tract infection may be made without testing. However, testing is performed to determine the severity of the infection. Testing is more commonly performed in those with recurrent infections.

Tests that may be used to evaluate a urinary tract infection include:

Less common tests that may be used to evaluate urinary tract infection include:

For more information:

Continue to Urinary Infection Treatment

Last Updated: Jan 6, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Urinary Infection References
  1. Christiaens TC, De Meyere M, Verschraegen G, Peersman W, Heytens S, De Maeseneer JM. Randomised controlled trial of nitrofurantoin versus placebo in the treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infection in adult women. Br J Gen Pract. 2002 Sep;52(482):729-34. [12236276]
  2. Czaja CA, Hooton TM. Update on acute uncomplicated urinary tract infection in women. Postgrad Med. 2006 Jun-Jul;119(1):39-45. [16913646]
  3. Gomolin IH, Siami PF, Reuning-Scherer J, Haverstock DC, Heyd A; Oral Suspension Study Group. Efficacy and safety of ciprofloxacin oral suspension versus trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole oral suspension for treatment of older women with acute urinary tract infection. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2001 Dec;49(12):1606-13. [11843992]
  4. Krcmery S, Hromec J, Demesova D. Treatment of lower urinary tract infection in pregnancy. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2001 Apr;17(4):279-82. [11295408]
  5. McCarty JM, Richard G, Huck W, Tucker RM, Tosiello RL, Shan M, Heyd A, Echols RM. A randomized trial of short-course ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, or trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole for the treatment of acute urinary tract infection in women. Ciprofloxacin Urinary Tract Infection Group. Am J Med. 1999 Mar;106(3):292-9. [10190377]
  6. Milo G, Katchman EA, Paul M, Christiaens T, Baerheim A, Leibovici L. Duration of antibacterial treatment for uncomplicated urinary tract infection in women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005 Apr 18;(2):CD004682. [15846726]
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