Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms cold versus flu Evaluation Treatment questions for doctor specialist Home Care congestion cough fever sore throat warning signs wheezing Prevention Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Transmission

URI Symptoms

URI Cold Versus Flu

The following table compares the symptoms of upper respiratory infection and influenza.

Feverrarevery common, > 102 F
Headachemildcommon, often severe
Body achesmild if presentvery common, severe
Weakness, fatiguemild if presentvery common
Extreme exhaustionvery rarecommon early symptom
Sore throatvery commoncommon early symptom
Nasal congestionvery commoncommon
Sneezingvery commonsometimes
Coughmild hacking coughcommon, may be severe
Chest congestionmild, gradual onsetcommon, may be severe
Pleurisymild, gradual onsetcommon, may be severe
Nausea, vomitingraresometimes
Complicationssinusitis, otitis mediapneumonia, dehydration

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Last Updated: Jan 21, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed URI References
  1. Bachert C, Chuchalin AG, Eisebitt R, Netayzhenko VZ, Voelker M. Aspirin compared with acetaminophen in the treatment of fever and other symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection in adults: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, single-dose, 6-hour dose-ranging study. Clin Ther. 2005 Jul;27(7):993-1003. [16154478]
  2. Fahey T, Stocks N, Thomas T. Systematic review of the treatment of upper respiratory tract infection. Arch Dis Child. 1998 Sep;79(3):225-30. [9875017]
  3. Islam J, Carter R. Use of Echinacea in upper respiratory tract infection. South Med J. 2005 Mar;98(3):311-8. [15813158]
  4. Lam TP, Lam KF. Why do family doctors prescribe antibiotics for upper respiratory tract infection? Int J Clin Pract. 2003 Apr;57(3):167-9. [12723716]
  5. Ray DA, Rohren CH. Characteristics of patients with upper respiratory tract infection presenting to a walk-in clinic. Mayo Clin Proc. 2001 Feb;76(2):169-73. [11213305]
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