Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Upper Respiratory Infections in Children Treatment

Most upper respiratory infections in children cause an illness that lasts for less than 6 days and resolves without treatment. The goal of treatment in upper respiratory infection falls exclusively on providing symptom relief. Antibiotics do not treat viruses that cause upper respiratory infections.

General measures to treat upper respiratory infections include rest, encouraging fluids, and acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for fever control. A vast number of nonprescription medications are available to relieve other bothersome cold symptoms such as, nasal congestion, sneezing, cough, and sore throat.

Treatment options for upper respiratory infections in children may include:


For more information:

Upper Respiratory Infections in Children Questions For Doctor

The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of upper respiratory infections in children.

Questions to ask before treatment:

  • What are my treatment options?
  • What are the risks associated with treatment?
  • Am I contagious?
    • For how long?
  • What are the complications I should watch for?
  • How do I avoid passing the infection to others?
  • How long will I be on medication?
  • What are the potential side effects of my medication?
  • Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
  • Should I take my medication with food?

Questions to ask after treatment:
  • Do I need to change my diet?
  • Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
  • When can I resume my normal activities?
  • When can I return to work?
  • What else can I do to reduce my risk for upper respiratory infections and pneumonia?
  • Will I need to see my doctor for a checkup?

Upper Respiratory Infections in Children Specialist

Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat upper respiratory infections in children:

Continue to Upper Respiratory Infections in Children Home Care

Last Updated: Jun 8, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Upper Respiratory Infections in Children References
  1. Autret-Leca E, Giraudeau B, Ployet MJ, Jonville-Bera AP. Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid is ineffective at preventing otitis media in children with presumed viral upper respiratory infection: a randomized, double-blind equivalence, placebo-controlled trial. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2002 Dec;54(6):652-6. [12492614]
  2. Butler CC, Hood K, Kinnersley P, Robling M, Prout H, Houston H. Predicting the clinical course of suspected acute viral upper respiratory tract infection in children. Fam Pract. 2005 Feb;22(1):92-5. [15640294]
  3. Fahey T, Stocks N, Thomas T. Systematic review of the treatment of upper respiratory tract infection. Arch Dis Child. 1998 Sep;79(3):225-30. [9875017]
  4. Lam TP, Lam KF. Why do family doctors prescribe antibiotics for upper respiratory tract infection? Int J Clin Pract. 2003 Apr;57(3):167-9. [12723716]
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