Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Upper Respiratory Infections in Children Overview

What are upper respiratory infections in children?
A child with an upper respiratory infection has inflammation of the nose, sinuses, ears, or throat, caused by a viral infection. The most common name for an upper respiratory infection is a cold. Children average 6 upper respiratory infections per year, while adults average 3 upper respiratory infections per year.

What are the symptoms of upper respiratory infections in children?
Symptoms of upper respiratory infections in children include a runny nose, nasal congestion, sore throat, ear pain, coughing, fever, headache, fatigue, and body aches. The throat may become red.

How does the doctor treat upper respiratory infections in children?
Treatment for upper respiratory infections in children may include rest, acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for fever, and nonprescription medications for a cough, sore throat, or nasal congestion.

Continue to Upper Respiratory Infections in Children Incidence

Last Updated: Aug 23, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Upper Respiratory Infections in Children References
  1. Autret-Leca E, Giraudeau B, Ployet MJ, Jonville-Bera AP. Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid is ineffective at preventing otitis media in children with presumed viral upper respiratory infection: a randomized, double-blind equivalence, placebo-controlled trial. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2002 Dec;54(6):652-6. [12492614]
  2. Butler CC, Hood K, Kinnersley P, Robling M, Prout H, Houston H. Predicting the clinical course of suspected acute viral upper respiratory tract infection in children. Fam Pract. 2005 Feb;22(1):92-5. [15640294]
  3. Fahey T, Stocks N, Thomas T. Systematic review of the treatment of upper respiratory tract infection. Arch Dis Child. 1998 Sep;79(3):225-30. [9875017]
  4. Lam TP, Lam KF. Why do family doctors prescribe antibiotics for upper respiratory tract infection? Int J Clin Pract. 2003 Apr;57(3):167-9. [12723716]
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