Overview Symptoms Evaluation Treatment drugs questions for doctor specialist Home Care pain in adults pain in children skin wound warning signs Underlying Cause Types Anatomy
Upper Extremity Injury Skin Wound
- Control bleeding with direct pressure.
- Use a gauze or clean cloth directly on the wound.
- Maintain the pressure, constantly, for at least 10 minutes.
- Clean the wound with mild soap and water. Running water can help remove dirt.
- You may gently dab the wound with hydrogen peroxide to remove clotted blood or debris. Do not scrub or re-injure the wound.
- Be sure there is no dirt or other foreign material left in the wound.
- A butterfly bandage can be used to close very small, clean cuts.
- Apply an antibiotic ointment and a dry dressing.
- Cover the wound with gauze or elastic bandage. Wounds to the face may be left uncovered.
- Keep the wound clean and dry.
- Protect and rest the injured area.
- Elevate the injured body part.
Ongoing care for minor skin wounds includes:
- Abrasions may be cleaned 2-3 times a day with a mild soap such as dilute baby shampoo.
- Abrasions to the feet need special care. These tend to become infected very easily. Clean foot abrasions three to four times a day and wear an open shoe.
- Gently clean scabs of the face with a warm, wet, soft cloth and hydrogen peroxide - try not to cause bleeding. Do not disturb dry scabs in other parts of the body.
- Dry the wound gently, and completely, with a clean towel or gauze.
- Apply an antibiotic and a dressing as needed.
A tetanus shot is necessary right away if you have not had three tetanus shots in the past.
If you have received three tetanus shots in the past, you need a tetanus shot within three days for:
Continue to Upper Extremity Injury Warning Signs
PubMed Upper Extremity Injury References
- Bennett R. Addressing musculoskeletal pain. Geriatrics. 2004 Aug;59(8):11-2. 
- Emery KH. Imaging of sports injuries of the upper extremity in children. Clin Sports Med. 2006 Jul;25(3):543-68, viii. 
- Garnett WR. GI effects of OTC analgesics: implications for product selection. J Am Pharm Assoc (Wash). 1996 Sep;NS36(9):565-72. 
- Kijowski R, De Smet AA. The role of ultrasound in the evaluation of sports medicine injuries of the upper extremity. Clin Sports Med. 2006 Jul;25(3):569-90, viii.
- Orchard JW. Intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors for muscle strains in Australian football. Am J Sports Med. 2001 May-Jun;29(3):300-3. 
- Wainstein JL, Nailor TE. Tendinitis and tendinosis of the elbow, wrist, and hands. Clin Occup Environ Med. 2006;5(2):299-322, vii.