Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Underwater Diving Injuries Underlying Cause

Scuba gear allows air to enter the lungs at the same pressure as the water at any depth. This is considerably greater than the pressure of the air at the surface. Breathing air under pressure causes changes in the gases inside the body.

Pressure differences between the environment, and the lungs, ears, sinuses, and blood during scuba diving cause scuba injuries.

These include:

  • Scuba injuries directly related to decreasing pressure
  • Scuba injuries directly related to increasing pressure
  • Scuba injuries related to dissolved gases

Other causes of scuba accidents include:
  • Exhaustion and panic
  • Cave diving accidents
  • Running out of air

Continue to Underwater Diving Injuries Types

Last Updated: Jul 8, 2009 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Underwater Diving Injuries References
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  6. Smerz RW. Age associated risks of recreational scuba diving. Hawaii Med J. 2006 May;65(5):140-1, 153. [16774142]
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  8. Tetzlaff K, Thorsen E.Breathing at depth: physiologic and clinical aspects of diving while breathing compressed gas. Clin Chest Med. 2005 Sep;26(3):355-80, v. [16140132]
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