Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Underactive Parathyroid Gland Underlying Cause

Causes of hypoparathyroidism include:

  • Autoimmune polyglandular deficiency:
    • An inherited form of hypoparathyroidism.
  • Congenital aplasia of the parathyroid glands:
    • Parathyroid gland fails to develop normally in the womb.
  • DiGeorge syndrome
  • Hereditary hypoparathyroidism
  • Post-surgical hypoparathyroidism:
    • Occurs after surgical removal of all the parathyroid glands.
  • Pseudohypoparathyroidism:
  • Radiation induced hypoparathyroidism:

Continue to Underactive Parathyroid Gland Anatomy

Last Updated: Dec 16, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Underactive Parathyroid Gland References
  1. Garfield N, Karaplis AC. Genetics and animal models of hypoparathyroidism. Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Sep;12(7):288-94. [11504667]
  2. Winer KK, Ko CW, Reynolds JC, Dowdy K, Keil M, Peterson D, Gerber LH, McGarvey C, Cutler GB Jr. Long-term treatment of hypoparathyroidism: a randomized controlled study comparing parathyroid hormone-(1-34) versus calcitriol and calcium. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Sep;88(9):4214-20. [12970289]
  3. Winer KK, Yanovski JA, Sarani B, Cutler GB Jr. A randomized, cross-over trial of once-daily versus twice-daily parathyroid hormone 1-34 in treatment of hypoparathyroidism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1998 Oct;83(10):3480-6. [9768650]
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