Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Symptoms Evaluation Treatment specialist Home Care diet taking control warning signs Complications Underlying Cause Anatomy

Underactive Parathyroid Gland Overview

Another name for Underactive Parathyroid Gland is Hypoparathyroidism.

What is hypoparathyroidism?
A person with hypoparathyroidism has an abnormally low level of parathyroid hormone in the bloodstream. Parathyroid hormone regulates calcium levels. Low levels of parathyroid hormone lead to low calcium levels in the bloodstream. Hypoparathyroidism may be inherited, or caused by removal of part of the parathyroid gland.

What are the symptoms of hypoparathyroidism?
Symptoms of hypoparathyroidism include muscle spasms in the face and extremities, muscle tremor, abdominal cramps, palpitations, confusion, hallucinations, delusions, dry hair, brittle fingernails, cataracts, oral thrush, and fungal skin infections.

How does the doctor treat hypoparathyroidism?
Treatment for hypoparathyroidism includes calcium supplements and vitamin D supplements.

Continue to Underactive Parathyroid Gland Symptoms

Last Updated: Sep 11, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
Copyright DSHI Systems, Inc. Powered by: FreeMD - Your Virtual Doctor

PubMed Underactive Parathyroid Gland References
  1. Garfield N, Karaplis AC. Genetics and animal models of hypoparathyroidism. Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Sep;12(7):288-94. [11504667]
  2. Winer KK, Ko CW, Reynolds JC, Dowdy K, Keil M, Peterson D, Gerber LH, McGarvey C, Cutler GB Jr. Long-term treatment of hypoparathyroidism: a randomized controlled study comparing parathyroid hormone-(1-34) versus calcitriol and calcium. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Sep;88(9):4214-20. [12970289]
  3. Winer KK, Yanovski JA, Sarani B, Cutler GB Jr. A randomized, cross-over trial of once-daily versus twice-daily parathyroid hormone 1-34 in treatment of hypoparathyroidism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1998 Oct;83(10):3480-6. [9768650]
FreeMD is provided for information purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for evaluation and treatment by a physician. Please review our terms of use.