Ulcerative Colitis Drugs
Salicylate Anti-inflammatory Medications
Initial drug therapy for ulcerative colitis usually includes aminosalicylate medications. These drugs reduce inflammation in the colon.
Salicylate anti-inflammatory medications used to treat ulcerative colitis include:
- Sulfasalazine (Azulfidine)
- Mesalamine (Asacol, Pentasa, Lialda, Rowasa, Canasa)
- Balsalazide (Colazal)
Corticosteroid medications have been used successfully to prevent episodes of ulcerative colitis. However, long-term therapy with corticosteroids increases the risk of side effects.
Corticosteroid medications used to treat ulcerative colitis include:
Immunomodulator drugs suppress the immune system and reduce inflammation in those with ulcerative colitis.
Immunomodulator drugs used to treat ulcerative colitis include:
Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) Inhibitors
Tumor necrosis factor stimulates inflammation. Drugs that inhibit tumor necrosis factor (TNF) may help control the inflammation of ulcerative colitis.
Tumor necrosis factor inhibitors used for the treatment of ulcerative colitis include:
Antidiarrheal agents may be used to help control diarrhea. These medications require careful monitoring because they may trigger toxic megacolon, a potentially fatal complication.
Antidiarrheal agents used to treat ulcerative colitis include:
Antiemetics may be used for severe nausea or vomiting.
Medications for nausea and vomiting in those with ulcerative colitis include:
Episodes of ulcerative colitis may be triggered by bacterial infections.
Antibiotics used to treat ulcerative colitis include:
Continue to Ulcerative Colitis Questions For Doctor
- Hanauer SB. Review article: the long-term management of ulcerative colitis. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2004 Oct;20 Suppl 4:97-101. 
- Loftus EV Jr, Kane SV, Bjorkman D. Systematic review: short-term adverse effects of 5-aminosalicylic acid agents in the treatment of ulcerative colitis. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2004 Jan 15;19(2):179-89. 
- Rizzello F, Gionchetti P, Venturi A, Campieri M. Review article: medical treatment of severe ulcerative colitis. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2003 Jun;17 Suppl 2:7-10.