Ulcer Perforated Underlying Cause
Causes of perforated ulcer include:
Continue to Ulcer Perforated Anatomy
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- Lagoo S, McMahon RL, Kakihara M, Pappas TN, Eubanks S. The sixth decision regarding perforated duodenal ulcer. JSLS. 2002 Oct-Dec;6(4):359-68. 
- Sanabria AE, Morales CH, Villegas MI. Laparoscopic repair for perforated peptic ulcer disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005 Oct 19;(4):CD004778.