Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment questions for doctor specialist Home Care warning signs Prevention bedsores foot ulcers Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Anatomy

Ulcer on the Skin Foot Ulcers

Prevention of foot ulcers includes:

  • Examine your feet every day for cuts, blisters, or sores:
    • Clean wounds once a day.
    • Apply antibiotic ointment.
    • Apply a bandage.
  • If you have diabetes or poor circulation:
  • Keep your toenails trimmed:
    • Trim your toenails straight across.
    • Do not cut your nails so short that your toe bleeds.
    • Use an emery board to file sharp nail edges.
    • Do not disturb your cuticles: they protect you from infection.
  • Avoid pointed shoes.
  • Protect the feet from bumps and bruises:
    • Avoid sandals or flip-flops.
  • Purchase new shoes before your old ones wear out.
    • Shoes should provide plenty of room for your toes.
  • New shoes should always be broken-in slowly.
    • Start by wearing them for 1 hour on the first day.
    • Increase the time by 1 hour each day, gradually building up to a full day.
  • Wear cotton socks that absorb sweat.
  • Avoid elastic socks, garters, and socks with holes.
  • Wear loose-fitting socks to bed if your feet are cold during the night.

Continue to Ulcer on the Skin Outlook

Last Updated: Jan 4, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Ulcer on the Skin References
  1. Bouten CV, Oomens CW, Baaijens FP, Bader DL. The etiology of pressure ulcers: skin deep or muscle bound? Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2003 Apr;84(4):616-9. [12690603]
  2. Frank C. Approach to skin ulcers in older patients. Can Fam Physician. 2004 Dec;50:1653-9. [15648380]
  3. Jones JE, Nelson EA. Skin grafting for venous leg ulcers. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005 Jan 25;(1):CD001737. [15674883]
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