Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Twisted Ankle Underlying Cause

The ankles support the entire weight of the body, which makes them very susceptible to sprains, strains, fractures and other injuries.

When a forceful motion overloads the ankle, three types of injuries can occur:

  • Strain of the tendons that attach muscles to the bones
  • Sprain of the ligaments that attach one bone to another bone
  • Fracture of the bones

Common causes of ankle injuries include:
  • Falls
  • Sports injuries
  • Stepping onto an uneven surface
  • Automobile accidents
  • Occupational injuries

Types of ankle injury include:

Continue to Twisted Ankle Types

Last Updated: Jan 25, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Twisted Ankle References
  1. DiGiovanni BF, Partal G, Baumhauer JF. Acute ankle injury and chronic lateral instability in the athlete. Clin Sports Med. 2004 Jan;23(1):1-19, v. [15062581]
  2. Kunkel M, Miller SD. Return to work after foot and ankle injury. Foot Ankle Clin. 2002 Jun;7(2):421-8, viii. [12462119]
  3. McKay GD, Goldie PA, Payne WR, Oakes BW. Ankle injuries in basketball: injury rate and risk factors. Br J Sports Med. 2001 Apr;35(2):103-8.[11273971]
  4. Pugia ML, Middel CJ, Seward SW, Pollock JL, Hall RC, Lowe L, Mahony L, Henderson NE. Comparison of acute swelling and function in subjects with lateral ankle injury. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2001 Jul;31(7):384-8.[11451309]
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