Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Trigeminal Nerve Pain Overview

Another name for Trigeminal Nerve Pain is Trigeminal Neuralgia.

What is trigeminal neuralgia?
A person with trigeminal neuralgia has episodes of severe pain in the face, due to irritation of the trigeminal nerve. The trigeminal nerve provides the sense of touch to the cheek, forehead, and the area around the mouth. The most common cause of trigeminal neuralgia is pressure applied to the trigeminal nerve by nearby blood vessels. Trigeminal neuralgia is rare before the age of 40. Attacks of pain from trigeminal neuralgia usually resolve with treatment.

What are the symptoms of trigeminal neuralgia?
Symptoms of trigeminal neuralgia include sudden, brief attacks of severe facial pain. The pain is sharp, occurs on one side of the face, and is usually located in the gum, lip, or cheek. Additional symptoms include facial flushing, increased tearing, and excessive salivation.

How does the doctor treat trigeminal neuralgia?
Treatment for trigeminal neuralgia may include oral medications, medication injections, surgery, and radiation therapy.

Continue to Trigeminal Nerve Pain Incidence

Last Updated: Jan 6, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Trigeminal Nerve Pain References
  1. Bagheri SC, Farhidvash F, Perciaccante VJ. Diagnosis and treatment of patients with trigeminal neuralgia. J Am Dent Assoc. 2004 Dec;135(12):1713-7. [15646605]
  2. Cheshire WP. Trigeminal neuralgia: diagnosis and treatment. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2005 Mar;5(2):79-85. [15743543]
  3. Urgosik D, Liscak R, Novotny J Jr, Vymazal J, Vladyka V. Treatment of essential trigeminal neuralgia with gamma knife surgery. J Neurosurg. 2005 Jan;102 Suppl:29-33. [15662776]
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