Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Traumatic Brain Injury Overview

Another name for Traumatic Brain Injury is Concussion.

What is a concussion?
A concussion is a type of brain injury that causes a temporary disturbance in brain function. Most concussions are the result of a direct blow to the head with a blunt object. These injuries range from mild to severe. Not all concussions cause a loss of consciousness, but loss of consciousness and amnesia are two of the most commonly seen features of concussion. Concussions represent about 8.9% of all high school athletic injuries.

What are the symptoms of a concussion?
A concussion can cause headaches, loss of consciousness, loss of memory, confusion, changes in mood, slurred speech, sleep difficulties, nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and loud noises.

How does the doctor treat a concussion?
Treatment for a concussion includes cold compresses, close observation, medications to control nausea, and acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain.

Continue to Traumatic Brain Injury Symptoms

Last Updated: Jun 3, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Traumatic Brain Injury References
  1. Edwards P, Arango M, Balica L, et al. CRASH trial collaborators. Final results of MRC CRASH, a randomised placebo-controlled trial of intravenous corticosteroid in adults with head injury-outcomes at 6 months. Lancet. 2005 Jun 4-10;365(9475):1957-9. [15936423]
  2. Grappling with traumatic brain injury. Lancet. 2007 Dec 8;370(9603):1879. [18068492]
  3. Lee AC, Ou Y, Fong D. Depressed skull fractures: a pattern of abusive head injury in three older children. Child Abuse Negl. 2003 Nov;27(11):1323-9. [14637305]
  4. McKinley J. New challenges in assessing and managing concussion in sports. Am Fam Physician. 2007 Oct 1;76(7):948-9. [17956064]
  5. Ropper AH, Gorson KC. N Engl J Med. 2007 Jan 11;356(2):166-72. Review. No abstract available. Erratum in: N Engl J Med. 2007 Apr 26;356(17):1794. [17215534]
  6. Smits M, Dippel DW, de Haan GG, Dekker HM, Vos PE, Kool DR, Nederkoorn PJ, Hofman PA, Twijnstra A, Tanghe HL, Hunink MG. External validation of the Canadian CT Head Rule and the New Orleans Criteria for CT scanning in patients with minor head injury. JAMA. 2005 Sep 28;294(12):1519-25. [16189365]
  7. Tender GC, Awasthi D. Risk stratification in mild head injury patients: the head injury predictive index. J La State Med Soc. 2003 Nov-Dec;155(6):338-42. [14750754]
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