Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Transitional Cell Cancer Anatomy

To better understand transitional cell carcinoma, it helps to understand the anatomy of the bladder and genitourinary system.

The bladder is part of the lower urinary system. In an adult, the bladder can hold 10 to 20 ounces of urine: about as much liquid as in one can of soda. When the bladder is about half full, a person may begin to feel the need to empty it by urinating. Urine is carried out of the body through the urethra, a tube at the bottom of the bladder.

Anatomy examples:

  • Genitourinary system
  • Bladder and lower urinary tract in women
  • Bladder and lower urinary tract in men [

Last Updated: Nov 4, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Transitional Cell Cancer References
  1. Johansson SL, Cohen SM: Epidemiology and etiology of bladder cancer. Semin Surg Oncol 1997 Sep-Oct; 13(5): 291-8. [9259084]
  2. Montironi R, Lopez-Beltran A. The 2004 WHO classification of bladder tumors: a summary and commentary. Int J Surg Pathol. 2005 Apr;13(2):143-53. [15864376]
  3. Rosenberg JE, Carroll PR, Small EJ. Update on chemotherapy for advanced bladder cancer. J Urol. 2005 Jul;174(1):14-20. [15947569]
  4. Warde P, Gospodarowicz MK: New approaches in the use of radiation therapy in the treatment of infiltrative transitional-cell cancer of the bladder. World J Urol 1997; 15(2): 125-33. [9144903]
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