Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Transient Ischemic Attack Treatment

Treatment for TIA begins with an evaluation to exclude other conditions such as hypoglycemia, seizure, or intracranial hemorrhage which may mimic the symptoms of a TIA. Treatment of TIA varies with the severity and length of the neurological symptoms.

In general, those who have had a TIA are treated with a combination of aspirin and dipyridamole. Clopidogrel may be substituted for aspirin in those who suffer from an aspirin allergy. Those who are at high risk for stroke require admission to the hospital for treatment.

Treatment for a TIA may include:

For more information:

Transient Ischemic Attack Questions For Doctor

The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of TIA.

Questions to ask before treatment:

  • What are my treatment options?
  • What are the risks associated with treatment?
  • Do I need to stay in the hospital?
    • How long will I be in the hospital?
  • What are the complications I should watch for?
  • How long will I be on medication?
  • What are the potential side effects of my medication?
  • Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
  • Should I take my medication with food?

Questions to ask after treatment:
  • Do I need to change my diet?
  • When can I resume my normal activities?
  • When can I return to work?
  • Do I need a special exercise program?
  • What else can I do to reduce my risk for having another TIA?
  • How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
  • What local support and other resources are available?

Transient Ischemic Attack Specialist

Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat a TIA:

Transient Ischemic Attack Surgery

Some people benefit from surgery after a TIA, in order to remove blockages in the carotid arteries in the neck. This may prevent a stroke.

Surgical options for carotid artery disease include:

Continue to Transient Ischemic Attack Home Care

Last Updated: Jun 10, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Transient Ischemic Attack References
  1. Dijk JM, van der Graaf Y, Grobbee DE, Bots ML; SMART Study Group. Carotid stiffness indicates risk of ischemic stroke and TIA in patients with internal carotid artery stenosis: the SMART study. Stroke. 2004 Oct;35(10):2258-62. [15331793]
  2. Puranen J, Laakso M, Riekkinen P Sr, Sivenius J. Risk factors and antiplatelet therapy in TIA and stroke patients. J Neurol Sci. 1998 Feb 5;154(2):200-4. [9562311]
  3. Rothwell PM. Incidence, risk factors and prognosis of stroke and TIA: the need for high-quality, large-scale epidemiological studies and meta-analyses. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2003;16 Suppl 3:2-10. [12740550]
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