Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Trachoma Trachoma

Trachoma is an infection of the eyes with Chlamydia trachomatis. It is the world's leading cause of preventable blindness. Trachoma begins in childhood and progresses over the years as repeated infections cause irritation and scarring on the inside of the eyelid.

Eventually the eyelashes turn in (entropion), rubbing on the cornea at the front of the eye. The scarring on the cornea leads to severe vision loss and blindness, usually by the time the person is 40 to 50 years old.

Last Updated: Dec 7, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Trachoma References
  1. Cook RL, Hutchison SL, Ostergaard L, Braithwaite RS, Ness RB. Systematic review: noninvasive testing for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Ann Intern Med. 2005 Jun 7;142(11):914-25. [15941699]
  2. Hwang L, Shafer MA. Chlamydia trachomatis infection in adolescents. Adv Pediatr. 2004;51:379-407. [15366781]
  3. Mabey D, Fraser-Hurt N, Powell C. Antibiotics for trachoma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005 Apr 18;(2):CD001860. [15846624]
  4. Solomon AW, Peeling RW, Foster A, Mabey DC. Diagnosis and assessment of trachoma. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2004 Oct;17(4):982-1011, table of contents. [15489358]
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