What is toxoplasmosis?
A person with toxoplasmosis has an infection with a parasite, called Toxoplasma gondii. Most adults in the US have been infected with Toxoplasma gondii, but 70 percent of adults do not develop symptoms during the infection. Toxoplasmosis rarely causes symptoms in those who have normal immune systems. The infection causes illness in those who have a weak immune system. Congenital toxoplasmosis is an infection that occurs in a fetus. The parasite can enter the fetus if the mother is infected during pregnancy.
What are the symptoms of toxoplasmosis?
Initial symptoms of toxoplasmosis may include a fever, rash, sore throat, headache, muscle aches, and swollen glands. Symptoms of severe toxoplasmosis include severe headache, neck pain and stiffness, vision loss, difficulty breathing, difficulty walking, difficulty speaking, and confusion.
How does the doctor treat toxoplasmosis?
Treatment for toxoplasmosis includes antibiotics and folic acid supplements.
Continue to Toxoplasmosis Incidence
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- Montoya JG, Rosso F. Diagnosis and management of toxoplasmosis. Clin Perinatol. 2005 Sep;32(3):705-26. 
- Wallon M, Liou C, Garner P, Peyron F. Congenital toxoplasmosis: systematic review of evidence of efficacy of treatment in pregnancy. BMJ. 1999 Jun 5;318(7197):1511-4.