Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Toxic Shock Syndrome Overview

What is toxic shock syndrome?
A person with toxic shock syndrome has a life-threatening infection of the bloodstream. Bacteria that are normally present on the skin, as well as in the nose, vagina and mouth. cause toxic shock syndrome. About 1 out of 100,000 people develop toxic shock syndrome in the US each year.

What are the symptoms of toxic shock syndrome?
Symptoms of toxic shock syndrome include fever, headache, muscle aches, fatigue, sore throat, diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and a patchy red rash that may result in skin peeling. Symptoms and signs of worsening toxic shock syndrome include low blood pressure, fainting, and confusion.

How does the doctor treat toxic shock syndrome?
Treatment for toxic shock syndrome may include oxygen therapy, intravenous fluids, antibiotics, immunoglobulin G, corticosteroids, and surgery to remove infected tissue.

Continue to Toxic Shock Syndrome Incidence

Last Updated: Feb 11, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Toxic Shock Syndrome References
  1. Annane D, Clair B, Salomon J. Managing toxic shock syndrome with antibiotics. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2004 Aug;5(8):1701-10. [15264985]
  2. Chuang YY, Huang YC, Lin TY. Toxic shock syndrome in children: epidemiology, pathogenesis, and management. Paediatr Drugs. 2005;7(1):11-25. [15777108]
  3. McCormick JK, Yarwood JM, Schlievert PM. Toxic shock syndrome and bacterial superantigens: an update. Annu Rev Microbiol. 2001;55:77-104. [11544350]
  4. Stevens DL. Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2002 Mar;8(3):133-6. [12010167]
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