Toxemia of Pregnancy Overview
Another name for Toxemia of Pregnancy is Preeclampsia.
What is preeclampsia?
A woman with preeclampsia has high blood pressure and protein in the urine after the twentieth week of pregnancy. Preeclampsia occurs in about 7 out of 100 pregnancies. The cause for preeclampsia is unknown. Up to 2 out of every 100 women with preeclampsia develop eclampsia, which is life threatening. A woman with eclampsia has serious central nervous system symptoms, such as generalized tonic-clonic seizures or coma.
What are the symptoms of preeclampsia?
Symptoms of preeclampsia include high blood pressure, leg swelling, arm swelling, facial swelling, fatigue, and rapid weight gain of more than 5 pounds (2 kilograms) per week. Early symptoms of eclampsia include a severe headache, blurred vision, double vision, or seeing spots. Symptoms of worsening eclampsia include seizures and coma.
How does the doctor treat preeclampsia?
The treatment for eclampsia includes high blood pressure medications until it is time to deliver the fetus. Once the baby is delivered, preeclampsia resolves,
Continue to Toxemia of Pregnancy Incidence
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- Conde-Agudelo A, Villar J, Lindheimer M. World Health Organization systematic review of screening tests for preeclampsia. Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Dec;104(6):1367-91. 
- de Jong CL, Dekker GA, Sibai BM. The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in preeclampsia. A review. Clin Perinatol. 1991 Dec;18(4):683-711.