Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Torn ACL Evaluation

The evaluation of a cruciate ligament knee injury begins with a history and physical exam.

Physical findings in someone with a cruciate ligament knee injury may include:

Other physical tests for cruciate ligament knee injury may include:
  • Lachman test:
    • Shin bone moves to far forward when placed under stress
    • May be performed in office
  • Pivot shift maneuver:
    • Often performed in the operating room when the patient is asleep

Tests may be necessary to exclude other serious injuries, such as a knee dislocation or knee fracture.

Tests that may be used to evaluate a cruciate ligament knee injury include

Continue to Torn ACL Treatment

Last Updated: Dec 8, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Torn ACL References
  1. Beynnon BD, Johnson RJ, Abate JA, Fleming BC, Nichols CE. Treatment of anterior cruciate ligament injuries, part I. Am J Sports Med. 2005 Oct;33(10):1579-602. [16199611]
  2. Boutin RD, Fritz RC. MRI of snow skiing and snowboarding injuries. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2005 Dec;9(4):360-78. [16315118]
  3. Hayashi R, Kitamura N, Kondo E, Anaguchi Y, Tohyama H, Yasuda K. Simultaneous anterior and posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in chronic knee instabilities: surgical concepts and clinical outcome. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2008 Jun 7. [18536904]
  4. Iversen MD, Friden C. Pilot study of female high school basketball players' anterior cruciate ligament injury knowledge, attitudes, and practices. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2008 Jun 18. [18627558]
  5. Oztekin HH, Boya H, Ozcan O, Zeren B, Pinar P. Pain and affective distress before and after ACL surgery: A comparison of amateur and professional male soccer players in the early postoperative period. Knee. 2008 Jul 15. [18635361]
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