Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Tibia Fracture Types

Types of tibia fracture include:

  • Tibial stress fracture:
    • Hairline fracture in the outer layer of the tibia bone
    • Often do not show up on plain x-ray (need a bone scan)
  • Tibial plateau fracture:
    • Common in children
    • This fracture occurs in the upper tibia at the knee
  • Nondisplaced fracture of the tibia:
    • Fractured pieces line up correctly
  • Comminuted fracture of the tibia:
    • Fractures that result in more than two pieces of broken bone
  • Fractures of the tibia and fibula
  • Open fractures of the tibia
    • Broken bones pierce through the skin
    • The most severe form of tibia fracture

Continue to Tibia Fracture Anatomy

Last Updated: Jan 28, 2009 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Tibia Fracture References
  1. Cullen MC, Roy DR, Crawford AH, Assenmacher J, Levy MS, Wen D. Open fracture of the tibia in children. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1996 Jul;78(7):1039-47. [8698721]
  2. Francisco AC, Nightingale RW, Guilak F, Glisson RR, Garrett WE Jr. Comparison of soccer shin guards in preventing tibia fracture. Am J Sports Med. 2000 Mar-Apr;28(2):227-33. [10751000]
  3. Jensen A, Dahl S. Stress fracture of the distal tibia and fibula through heavy lifting. Am J Ind Med. 2005 Feb;47(2):181-3. [15662637]
  4. Roder F, Schwab M, Aleker T, Morike K, Thon KP, Klotz U. Proximal femur fracture in older patients--rehabilitation and clinical outcome. Age Ageing. 2003 Jan;32(1):74-80. [12540352]
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