Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Tibia Fracture Treatment

Treatment for a tibia fracture depends on the location and the severity of the fracture. Multi-part fractures and those that are open to the skin are always managed surgically. General measures for tibia fracture include rest, elevation, cold compresses, and the application of a leg cast or splint. Treatment for a tibia fracture often includes physical therapy to rehab the muscles in the leg and maintain mobility.

Specific treatment for a tibia fracture includes:

  • Cold compresses
  • Rest:
    • Cane
    • Crutches
    • Walker
  • Leg elevation
  • Leg cast or splint
  • Narcotic pain medication:
    • For moderate to severe pain
    • For short term use only
  • Surgery for tibia fracture
    • To repair the fracture and realign the broken bones
  • Physical therapy for tibia fracture

Tibia Fracture Questions For Doctor

The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of a tibia fracture.

Questions to ask before treatment:

  • What are my treatment options?
    • Is surgery an option for me?
  • What are the risks associated with treatment?
  • Do I need to stay in the hospital?
    • How long will I be in the hospital?
  • What are the complications I should watch for?
  • How long will I be on medication?
  • What are the potential side effects of my medication?
  • Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
  • Should I take my medication with food?

Questions to ask after treatment:
  • Do I need to change my diet?
  • Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
  • When can I resume my normal activities?
  • When can I return to work?
  • Do I need a special exercise program?
  • Will I need physical therapy?
  • Will I need occupational therapy?
  • What else can I do to reduce my risk for having another tibial fracture?
  • How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
  • What local support and other resources are available?

Tibia Fracture Specialist

Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat a tibia fracture:

Continue to Tibia Fracture Types

Last Updated: Jun 10, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Tibia Fracture References
  1. Cullen MC, Roy DR, Crawford AH, Assenmacher J, Levy MS, Wen D. Open fracture of the tibia in children. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1996 Jul;78(7):1039-47. [8698721]
  2. Francisco AC, Nightingale RW, Guilak F, Glisson RR, Garrett WE Jr. Comparison of soccer shin guards in preventing tibia fracture. Am J Sports Med. 2000 Mar-Apr;28(2):227-33. [10751000]
  3. Jensen A, Dahl S. Stress fracture of the distal tibia and fibula through heavy lifting. Am J Ind Med. 2005 Feb;47(2):181-3. [15662637]
  4. Roder F, Schwab M, Aleker T, Morike K, Thon KP, Klotz U. Proximal femur fracture in older patients--rehabilitation and clinical outcome. Age Ageing. 2003 Jan;32(1):74-80. [12540352]
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