Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Thyrotoxicosis Anatomy

To better understand hyperthyroidism, it helps to understand the anatomy of the thyroid gland.

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped organ located in the neck, next to the Adam's apple. The thyroid gland releases thyroid hormone into the bloodstream. Thyroid hormone stimulates cells throughout the body to become active.

Inflammation or over-activity of the thyroid gland can cause swelling of the thyroid gland, called a goiter.

Last Updated: Nov 4, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Thyrotoxicosis References
  1. Franklyn JA, Sheppard MC, Maisonneuve P. Thyroid function and mortality in patients treated for hyperthyroidism. JAMA. 2005 Jul 6;294(1):71-80. [15998893]
  2. McKeown NJ, Tews MC, Gossain VV, Shah SM. Hyperthyroidism. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2005 Aug;23(3):669-85, viii. [15982540]
  3. Simon NM, Blacker D, Korbly NB, Sharma SG, Worthington JJ, Otto MW, Pollack MH. Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism in anxiety disorders revisited: new data and literature review. J Affect Disord. 2002 May;69(1-3):209-17. [12103468]
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