Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Thyroid Hormone Decreased Low Fat Diet

A person with hypothyroidism may benefit from a healthy, low fat diet.

Strategies for a healthy diet include:

  • Limit your intake of fat to 30% of your total calories.
  • 10% to 15% of your total calories should be in the form of monounsaturated fats, such as olive oil, canola oil and peanut oil.
  • Consume only unsaturated fats that are low in cholesterol.
  • Consume less than 300 milligrams of cholesterol a day.
  • Eat dietary fiber: whole grains are best.
  • Avoid fad diets.
  • Check with your doctor about B vitamin supplements. Some people may benefit from B vitamins.
  • Avoid or limit consumption of brassica vegetables:
    • This includes cabbage, brussels sprouts, broccoli, cauliflower, kale, kohlrabi, rutabaga, pak-choi, and turnips.
    • These vegetables contain compounds that may interfere with iodine uptake in the thyroid gland.
    • For those who are not iodine deficient, receive adequate iodine in the diet, and are cooking these vegetables prior to consumption, this rarely presents a problem.
    • Consult your doctor for guidance.
  • Other vegetables to avoid that may interfere with iodine transport in the thyroid include:
    • Lima beans
    • Cassava
    • Maize
    • Bamboo shoots
    • Sweet potatoes
  • Limit consumption of soy-based foods:
    • They can interfere with the production of thyroid hormone.
    • Consult your doctor for guidance.

Dietary Recommendations for Chronic Disease Prevention
Energy (calories)to maintain BMI < 25
Total fats< or = to 30% of total daily calories
Saturated fats< 7% of total daily calories
Polyunsaturated fats< 10% of total daily calories
Monounsaturated fats< 13% of total daily calories
Cholesterol< or = to 300 mg per day
Dietary fiber25-30 grams per day
Fiber type3:1 insoluble to soluble fiber
Sodium< or = to 1,500 mg per day
Calcium 9-24 yrs1,200-1,500 mg per day
Calcium 25-50 yrs1,000 mg per day
Calcium 51-65 yrs1,200 mg per day
Calcium >65 yrs1,500 mg per day
Vitamin D 9-50 yrs200 IU per day
Vitamin D 51-70 yrs400 IU per day
Vitamin D >70 yrs600 IU per day
Folic acid400 micrograms (ug) per day
Fruits & vegetables5-7 servings per day
Alcohol (men)< or = to 2 drinks per day
Alcohol (women)< or = to 1 drinks per day

Continue to Thyroid Hormone Decreased Taking Control

Last Updated: Dec 16, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Thyroid Hormone Decreased References
  1. Escobar-Morreale HF, Botella-Carretero JI, Escobar del Rey F, Morreale de Escobar G. REVIEW: Treatment of hypothyroidism with combinations of levothyroxine plus liothyronine. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Aug;90(8):4946-54. [15928247]
  2. Rovet J, Daneman D. Congenital hypothyroidism: a review of current diagnostic and treatment practices in relation to neuropsychologic outcome. Paediatr Drugs. 2003;5(3):141-9. [12608879]
  3. Simon NM, Blacker D, Korbly NB, Sharma SG, Worthington JJ, Otto MW, Pollack MH. Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism in anxiety disorders revisited: new data and literature review. J Affect Disord. 2002 May;69(1-3):209-17. [12103468]
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