Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment drugs questions for doctor radioactive iodine specialist surgery Home Care taking control warning signs Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Anatomy

Thyroid Gland Overactive Treatment

The treatment for hyperthyroidism often includes medications to control the level of thyroid hormone in the bloodstream as well as beta-blockers. Some patients may be candidates for thyroid surgery.

Treatment for hyperthyroidism includes:

Thyroid Gland Overactive Drugs

Medications used to treat hyperthyroidism include:

Thyroid Gland Overactive Questions For Doctor

The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of hyperthyroidism.

Questions to ask before treatment:

  • What are my treatment options?
    • Is surgery an option for me?
  • What are the risks associated with treatment?
  • Do I need to stay in the hospital?
    • How long will I be in the hospital?
  • What are the complications I should watch for?
  • How long will I be on medication?
  • What are the potential side effects of my medication?
  • Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
  • Should I take my medication with food?

Questions to ask after treatment:
  • Do I need to change my diet?
  • Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
  • When can I resume my normal activities?
  • When can I return to work?
  • What else can I do to reduce my risk for complications?
  • How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
  • What local support and other resources are available?

Thyroid Gland Overactive Radioactive Iodine

Treatment with radioactive iodine is the most common therapy for hyperthyroidism.

Lugol's solution contains a mixture of radioactive iodine. After an oral dose, radioactive iodine is absorbed by the thyroid and destroys the overactive cells in the thyroid. Thyroid hormone levels often return to normal within 6 to 12 weeks. In some cases it may take 4 to 6 months before the hormone levels decrease. Repeat treatments may be necessary.

Thyroid Gland Overactive Specialist

Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat hyperthyroidism:

Thyroid Gland Overactive Surgery

The most common treatment for hyperthyroidism includes radioactive iodine therapy and medications.

Surgical removal of the thyroid gland may be required in the flowing situations:

  • Large goiters
  • Pregnancy
  • Severe hyperthyroidism in children
  • Severe eye disease caused by hyperthyroidism
  • Those who refuse radioactive iodine therapy
  • Those who have underlying illnesses

Continue to Thyroid Gland Overactive Home Care

Last Updated: Dec 16, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Thyroid Gland Overactive References
  1. Franklyn JA, Sheppard MC, Maisonneuve P. Thyroid function and mortality in patients treated for hyperthyroidism. JAMA. 2005 Jul 6;294(1):71-80. [15998893]
  2. McKeown NJ, Tews MC, Gossain VV, Shah SM. Hyperthyroidism. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2005 Aug;23(3):669-85, viii. [15982540]
  3. Simon NM, Blacker D, Korbly NB, Sharma SG, Worthington JJ, Otto MW, Pollack MH. Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism in anxiety disorders revisited: new data and literature review. J Affect Disord. 2002 May;69(1-3):209-17. [12103468]
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