Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.


Throwing Up Blood Overview

Another name for Throwing Up Blood is Vomiting Blood.

What is vomiting blood?
A person who is vomiting blood has bleeding in the esophagus, stomach, or upper part of the intestine. Bleeding from these structures is called upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Common causes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding include gastritis, esophagitis, esophageal varices, and peptic ulcer disease. Vomiting blood is caused by bleeding in the esophagus, stomach, or upper part of the intestine.

What are the symptoms of vomiting blood?
Blood in the vomit may appear bright red, or it may by dark brown and look like coffee grounds.

How does the doctor treat blood in the vomit?
The treatment for vomiting blood depends on the underlying cause for the bleeding. Treatment may include medication or surgery.

Last Updated: Oct 27, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Throwing Up Blood References
  1. Arora NK, Ganguly S, Mathur P, Ahuja A, Patwari A. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding: etiology and management. Indian J Pediatr. 2002 Feb;69(2):155-68. [11929033]
  2. Hernandez-Diaz S, Rodriguez LA. Incidence of serious upper gastrointestinal bleeding/perforation in the general population: review of epidemiologic studies. J Clin Epidemiol. 2002 Feb;55(2):157-63. [11809354]
  3. Khuroo MS, Khuroo MS, Farahat KL, Kagevi IE. Treatment with proton pump inhibitors in acute non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding: a meta-analysis. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2005 Jan;20(1):11-25. [15610441]
  4. Lewis B, Goldfarb N. Review article: The advent of capsule endoscopy--a not-so-futuristic approach to obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2003 May 1;17(9):1085-96. [12752345]
  5. Olds GD, Cooper GS, Chak A, Sivak MV Jr, Chitale AA, Wong RC. The yield of bleeding scans in acute lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2005 Apr;39(4):273-7. [15758618]
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