Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment questions for doctor specialist Home Care pain control using a cane using crutches warning signs Prevention Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Anatomy

Thrombophlebitis Anatomy

To better understand thrombophlebitis, it helps to understand the anatomy of the veins.

Veins are thin-walled vessels that carry blood from the tissues. Veins normally permit the flow of blood in one direction: back toward the heart. Tiny valves inside the veins prevent blood flow from reversing direction, which is especially important in the legs. Leg muscle contractions squeeze blood out of veins, which helps to pump blood back toward the heart.

There are many deep and superficial (closer to the skin) veins in the body. The saphenous vein in the leg is one of the largest superficial veins.

Anatomy examples:

Last Updated: Nov 4, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
Copyright DSHI Systems, Inc. Powered by: FreeMD - Your Virtual Doctor

PubMed Thrombophlebitis References
  1. Belcaro G, Nicolaides AN, Errichi BM, Cesarone MR, De Sanctis MT, Incandela L, Venniker R. Superficial thrombophlebitis of the legs: a randomized, controlled, follow-up study. Angiology. 1999 Jul;50(7):523-9. [10431991]
  2. Schonauer V, Kyrle PA, Weltermann A, Minar E, Bialonczyk C, Hirschl M, Quehenberger P, Schneider B, Partsch H, Eichinger S. Superficial thrombophlebitis and risk for recurrent venous thromboembolism. J Vasc Surg. 2003 Apr;37(4):834-8. [12663985]
  3. Unno N, Mitsuoka H, Uchiyama T, Yamamoto N, Saito T, Ishimaru K, Kaneko H, Nakamura S. Superficial thrombophlebitis of the lower limbs in patients with varicose veins. Surg Today. 2002;32(5):397-401. [12061687]
FreeMD is provided for information purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for evaluation and treatment by a physician. Please review our terms of use.