Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Thromboangiitis Obliterans Evaluation

The evaluation of Buerger's disease begins with a history and physical examination.

Initially, there are no abnormal physical findings in those with Buerger's disease.

Over time, physical findings in those with Buerger's disease may include:

  • Cool toes or fingers
  • Diminished or absent pulses
  • Diminished sensation
  • Loss of hair on the leg or legs
  • Muscle atrophy
  • Pale skin
  • Poorly healing skin wounds or ulcers
  • Thin skin

Severe Buerger's disease may cause a sudden blockage of the blood flow in an artery that supplies the leg.

Physical findings of a sudden blockage in a leg artery may include:

Tests are necessary to determine the severity of Buerger's disease.

Tests that may be used to evaluate Buerger's disease include:

Continue to Thromboangiitis Obliterans Treatment

Last Updated: Dec 2, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Thromboangiitis Obliterans References
  1. Abi-Saleh B, Chirculescu C, Eggleston KL, Takubo T Jr, Byrd RP Jr, Roy TM. Buerger's disease and pulmonary hypertension: a rare association? Tenn Med. 2005 Jan;98(1):37-8, 42. [15696819]
  2. Bozkurt AK, Besirli K, Koksal C, Sirin G, Yuceyar L, Tuzun H, Sayin AG. Surgical treatment of Buerger's disease. Vascular. 2004 May-Jun;12(3):192-7. [15586528]
  3. Cooper LT, Tse TS, Mikhail MA, et al. Long-term survival and amputation risk in thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease). J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004 Dec 21;44(12):2410-1. [15607407]
  4. Naito AT, Minamino T, Tateno K, Nagai T, Komuro I. Steroid-responsive thromboangiitis obliterans. Lancet. 2004 Sep 18-24;364(9439):1098. [15380972]
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