Takayasu's Arteritis Treatment
The goal of treatment is to control inflammation and prevent further damage to the blood vessels. Treatment depends on the course and severity of the disease. Most patients with takayasu's arteritis are treated with a variety of medications to suppress the immune system. If used long term, most of these medications have side effects that may require management. A smaller number of patients are candidates for surgery.
Treatment for Takayasu's arteritis may include oral corticosteroid medications, medications that suppress the immune system, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain, and surgery.
Treatment for Takayasu's arteritis may include:
- Oral corticosteroid medications:
- Immunosuppressive medications:
- Mycophenolate (CellCept):
- Also suppresses the immune system
- Etanercept (Enbrel)
- Infliximab (Remicade)
- Balloon angioplasty to open up the diseased vessel
- Insertion of an arterial stent to prop open the artery.
- Bypass grafts: synthetic tubing is attached to the artery, above and below the narrowed part of the artery. This allows blood to flow around the narrowed segment.
Takayasu's Arteritis Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of Takayasu's arteritis
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- Is surgery an option for me?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- Do I need to lose weight?
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- Do I need a special exercise program?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Continue to Takayasu's Arteritis Complications
- Andrews J, Mason JC. Takayasu's arteritis--recent advances in imaging offer promise. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2007 Jan;46(1):6-15. Epub 2006 Oct 13. 
- Maffei S, Di Renzo M, Bova G, Auteri A, Pasqui AL. Takayasu's arteritis: a review of the literature. Intern Emerg Med. 2006;1(2):105-12. 
- Rav-Acha M, Plot L, Peled N, Amital H. Coronary involvement in Takayasu's arteritis. Autoimmun Rev. 2007 Sep;6(8):566-71. Epub 2007 May 21.