Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Swollen Spleen Anatomy

To better understand splenomegaly, it helps to understand the anatomy of the abdomen and spleen.

The spleen is located in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen, beneath the rib cage. The spleen is fragile and contains many blood vessels. The spleen removes old red blood cells from the bloodstream and produces white blood cells, which fight infection.

Anatomy examples:

  • Abdominal organs including the spleen
  • Chest and abdominal organs
  • Deep abdominal organs

Last Updated: Oct 1, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Swollen Spleen References
  1. Hilmes MA, Strouse PJ. The pediatric spleen. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 2007 Feb;28(1):3-11. [17366703]
  2. Kinderknecht JJ. Infectious mononucleosis and the spleen. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2002 Apr;1(2):116-20. [12831720]
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